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"Throughout the eighteenth century, following the pattern laid down before the Union, there was a steady, but moderate, flow of indentured servants from the Scottish Lowlands to the mainland colonies in America, especially to Pennsylvania and the Southern colonies. The liberal policy of Pennsylvania toward settlers is well known, while the Southern colonies held out various inducements to immigrants. A few went to the West Indies, but their numbers appear to have diminished during the course of the century, as the growth of the slave labor force lowered the demand for white servants. Prospective settlers tended to avoid Jamaica, where the cost of living was high."

"No extraordinary causes need to be sought for the drift of Lowlanders to America before 1772. Indentured service and cheap land offered obvious opportunities for personal improvement. The growing commercial conections between Glasgow and the colonies after 1707 provided a convenient outlet for the surplus population of the Lowlands."

Colonists from Scotland: Emigration to NorthAmerica, 1707-1783 Ian Charles Cargill Graham; pg. 25


The Original Scots Colonists of Early America: 1612 - 1783

by David Dobson

PRO=Public Records Office, London
PCC=Prerogative Court of Canterbury (PRO)
SRO=Scottish Record Office, Edinburgh

Harvey, Alexander, b: 1746, farmer, res. Gargunnock Stirlingshire, sh. May 1774 fr. Greenock to N.Y., in "Matty", arr. N.Y. 22 July 1774, sett. Barnet N.H. (PRO.T47.12)

Harvey, Daniel, b:1744, gardener, sh. May 1774, fr. Liverpool to Philadelphia, in "Boston Packet", m. Mary ... (PRO.T47.9/11)

Harvie, ... , res. Stirling, pts. Patrick Harvie, sh. pre 1781, to West Indies (SGB.135)

Harvie, Barkie, b. 1758, servant, res. Kirkwall Orkney Islands, sh. Sept 1774, fr. Kirkwall to Savannah Ga, in "Marlborough", sett. Richmond co. GA (PRO.T47.12)

Harvie, John, Covenanter, res. Dalserf Lanarkshire, tr. 5 Sept 1685, fr. Leith to East N.J., in "Henry & Francis", m: Marion Forrest. (PC.11.329)

Harvie, Thomas, thief, res. Glasgow, pts. James Harvie, tr.28 Nov 1704, fr. Leith to MD. (SRO.HCR.I.92)



Colonists from Scotland: Emigration to NorthAmerica, 1707-1783

Ian Charles Cargill Graham

223 pp., Indexed. (1956), 1997. ISBN 0806345179.

pg 29: "Early in 1773, 139 persons, mostly farmers, formed themselves into the Scots-American Company of Farmers, for the purpose of purchasing and settling a large tract of land in America. The members who reached the compnay's settlement at Ryegate, New York (later in Vermont) called the association the "Inchinnan Cmpany," because so many of them came from the neighborhood of this Renfrewshire town, because they subscribed the bond of copartnery there, and because they wished to distinguish their organization from another, formed shortly afterward in Stirlingshire. The agent for the Stirlingshire company was Colonel Alexander Harvey, who purchased and settled a large tract in the township of Barnet, a little farther up the Connecticut River from Ryegate, These Scottish settlements formed the nucleus of Caledonia County, Vermont, although they were in the province of New York at the time of their establishment. The Stirlingshire assoication should perhaps be identified with a group known as the "Arnpyrick Society of Emigrants," who, according to a correspondent in Cardross near Stirling, sent over their deputies in the spring of 1774 with powers to purchase land for them. They raised a sum of money to finance the scheme and lodged it in a Glasgow bank.9"...

"9James Whitelaw, "Journal of General James Whitelaw, Surveyor-General of Vermont," Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society,1905-06, p. 105; Virginia Gazette, Purdie and Dixon, Sept. 15, 1774, p. 1."



Directory of Scottish Settlers in North America, 1625-1825

(Vol. I through Vol. VII) David Dobson

267 pp., (1984), 1988. ISBN 0806310545.

Volume 1:

Harvey, Alexander
28. Farmer. Gargunnock, Stirling. To America on the Matty, T.Cochrane, May 1774 from Greencok. Landed N.Y. 22 July 1774. Setled at Barnet, N.H. (HGP)(T47.12)

Harvie, Barkie
16. Servant. Kirkwall. From Kirkwall to Savanna Ga. September 1774 on the Marlborough, G. Pressick. (T47.12)

Harvey, Daniel
30. Gardener. Wife Mary 26, child 2. Scotland. From Liverpool to Philadelphia May 1774 on the Boston Packet. (PRO)

Volume 2:

Harvie, John
Born in Gargunnock, Stirlingshire. Emigrated from Scotland to America. Settled in Albemarle County, Virginia. Guardian of Thomas jefferson. An Attorney. Married Martha Gaines on 19 August 1747. Died in 1767. (CV)

Volume 3:

Harvey, Mrs. Elizabeth Wife of Robert Armour, cashier of the Bank of Canada. Died in Montreal on 3 July 1823. (BM. 14.624)

Harvey, Henry
Captain of the ship Mary of Greenock, married Miss Parker, daughter of Captin Parker, St. John's, New Brunswick, in St John's during November 1809. (DPCA.391)

Harvey, James Simpson Rea
Son of John Harvey of Castle Semple. Died at Crayfish Estate, Grenada, on 4 June 1829. (S.999.506)

Harvey, Mary Esther
Daughter of Hon. Augustus William Harvey, M.D., Member of H.M. Council of Bermuda, married Rear Admiral Fahie, C.B., K.S.F., Commander in Chief of the North American station, in Bermuda on 12 July 1823. (DPCA.1101)


Directory of Scots Banished to the American Plantations, 1650-1775

David Dobson 239 pp., (1983), 1998. ISBN 0806310359.

Harvie, John
Dalserf. Covenanter. Prisoner in Dunnottar and Leith Banished to the Plantations at Leith 18 August 1685. Transported from Leith on the Henry and Francis, master Richard Hutton, to East New Jersey by George Scott of Pitlochie 5 September 1685. (PC)


Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607-1785

by David Dobson, The University of Georgia Press, 1994

Pg. 138:
"...The immigration of members of the society to Ryegate began in 1774 with a group sailing from Greenock to New York aboard the Matty. Others followed in the Glasgow Packet, which sailed from Greenock to Salem, New England, in April 1775. The United Company sent Alexander Harvey to locate and purchase suitable land for settlement by members of the company. Harvey decided on Barnet, south of Ryegate in what is now Caledonia County, Vermont. In his search for land Harvey also surveyed locations throughout northeastern America. This project was in its infancy when the American Revolution broke out, leading to a suspension of immigration from Great Britian. The Register of Emigrants identifies a number of farmers from Stirlingshire and the surrounding area who left Scotland bound for new York and, presumably, the settlement at Barent aboard the Matty in May 1774 and the Monimia in May 1775. The above projects represent the two most ambitious schemes devised in Scotland for immigration to colonial America."

Pg 192:
"...Opportunities for settlement elsewhere in Canada were clearly greater than those in Newfoundland. The colony seems to have attraacted only a handful of Scots, a position reflected further north in Rupert's Land. Rupert's Land was under the direct control of the Hudson Bay Company, which recruited men from throughout the British Isles to work at its trading posts. During the eighteenth century it became increasingly reliant on Scots, especially Orcadians, to man its trading posts or factories in Rupert's Land. Immigration was thus small scale and comprised solely of single men, some of whom settled there permanently while others returned home after completing their period of service. Among the Scots there then were William Flett, Andrew Harvey, William Ross, a Sandwick tailor, and Robert Longmuir fromEdinburgh..."

Pg 91:
"...Among the other leading Scots merchants in Philadelphia were James Craig, William McIlwaine, William Leiper, Alexander Arbuthnott, Alexander Leith, John Ross, and William Jeffrey; in New York were David Shaw, Andrew McFarlane of Blairnairn, William McAdam, James Lamb, William Harvey, John Ross, John Duncan, and John Lindsay; ... "

Pg 186 - 187:
At the end of the American Revolution the British Government again settled thousands of former soldiers in British North America, including some at Pictou. In 1785 over sixty former soldiers of the Eighty-fourth (Royal Highland Emigrants) Regiment, mainly from Inverness-shire, such as Alexander, Robert and William Dunbar, received land grants at Pictou ranging from one hundred to five hundred acres along the East River. Another group from the same regiment was settled at Douglas, Hants County, Nova Scotia. Individual Scots from regiments, such as John Robson, a former corporal of the Eighty-second Regiment, were also settled at Pictou from 1783 onward. Thousands of Loyalists from all over the American Colonists settled in Nova Scotia after 1783, again including a number of Scots. Alexander McNaughton moved from Wolfsborough, New Hampshire, to Halifax; William Harvey, [foot note 260] a ship master in New York, settled in Shelbourne during 1783; William McMaster, a merchant in Boston, took refuge...."

Footnote 260: PRO, AO 13.26.254 (or Public Records Office, London, Audit Office 13)


NEWMAN, HARRY WRIGHT. "To Maryland From Overseas: A Complete Digest of the Jocobite Loyalists Sold into White Slavery in Maryland, and the British and Continental Background of Approximately 1400 Maryland Settlers from 1634 to the Early Federal Period with Source Documentation." Annapolis, MD: Newman, 1982. Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985, 1986, 1991. 190p.

GLASGOW, WILLIAM MELANCTHON. ["Scottish Prisoners Banished to Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Perth Amboy), 1685."] In History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in America.... Baltimore: Hill & Harvey, 1888, pp. 230-231.


Related links of possible interest:

Carolina Scots
Isle of Mull Family History Pages
Scottish Genealogical Links



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