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«Iacai?eia iao?y» ?enei 8 (222) Na?iaiu 2004 ?.
Oeyoe e?aeie
?ei? ai?iai? o?aaa i?ieoe ? ui o?aaa aoei c?iaeoe a ?eoo? e?aei?, yea ?icii?eiaea na?e oeyo o 1920-o ia Aieei? i?a iieunuei? aeaai? ye i?ai?euiee-eiiniiieaou, a cae?i?oaaea ye aeneaaio, yeiai ae?eaa?ou ?c iineianueeo eai cao?ai? aa??aae, ? nai eaiaanueee iinie (Iineaa, 1987 ??e) i?e?caeou ca iei o aeieiiaoe?i?e iaoei?, a caiaii o Aaoeiaoii? a?aaoaa?ouny cono??? a’yciy AOEAAo c oia?oi?i i?aceaaioii NOA ?iiaeuaii ?aeaaiii...

Aaieei Ooioe, i?i yeiai Eaaei Eoe’yiaiei ienaa eiai aiiuo? A???, ui ?? oaoi – “i?inoi nayoee”, a?a?eoia o a??i?nou 21 o?aaiy ouiai ?ieo. I?ioa caeeoeeany caiey, ia ye?e a?i ae?inoaa, aoiaa ? ai?iany, i?i yeo i??ya o ?in?enueeo eiiooaai?ao ? ia caneaii?. Caeeoeeeny ??ai? e e?ae, yeeo oi?eaeany eiai aooa. Caeeoeeeny eiai niiaaae – eieaa “Ia?a?eoa ? ia?aaoiaia. Niiaaae e ?icaoie oe?a?inueiai aeneaaioa-iie?oa’yciy c ?ie?a aeoeaiu ? ai?iouae i?a o?uiia ieoiao?yie Oe?a?ie (1921 – 1981 ??.)”.
Niiaaae e?aeie, ui ia?a?eea aaie?o?? a?a eiioi?cio ai “oeyoaoiiai iao?iiae?cio” (ye cacia?aii a ia?aaiia?), ? ao?a o?iieie. I?ioa, iciaeiieaoenu c? “Niiaaaaie”, y ae aiaaa, ui Aaieei Ooioe aoa “aoia??ei iao?iiae?noii”, yeee ia e?aea iiiiaciino? oa ao?ieo, aea ii?i?i?o o?ac. ? oei o?ii?oei noa? eiai iien oaeeo iia?e, ye iieunuea iaioaaiiy oa i?eo?a nia?o?a, iieunuea oa’yciaiiy e i?iaoueee iieii, aoai? OIA... ? oa eeoa iaaaee?ea ?anoea c oiai, i?i ui eaaouny o eiec?, c yei? oe?a?io? ii?oou a?ciaoeny i?i aeania “y” ia iaioa, i?? ca i?a?o?ieeaie c ?noi???. Aa?oi eeoaiu iiaeyiooe ia aaia?ao?? iia?e, i?i ye? eaaouny a “Niiaaaao”: Aieeiu, Oi?ie, ?eoiie?ueia, Ee?aueia, Aiaoneaa, Ee?a, ??aia, Ii?eeunue, E?aniiy?nue, Aieiaeie?, Oaeoao, Ai?i?iiao?ianue, Ai?eooa, Ii?aia?y, Iaana...
C eieae: “Ainaie ? aceieo ai iaoiai aiio caa?ae cae?aeeny noa?o? ia aa???i? aoo??ee. Ai 1926 ?. ia oeo aoo??eao ?anoi eoea iiaa i?i Ia?oo na?oiao a?eio, i?i ??ci? ai?ii? i?eaiae... aiai?eee i?i i?io?a, aano??ye?a, iieye?a, “aaeaaiae?a” (ye iaceaaee a ian oe?a?inuea a?enuei Iaoe??e) ? a?euoiaee?a. Iane?aeii oeo ?iciia o iaia neeaeiny a?a?aiiy, ui i?io?, aano??yee ? iieyee – no?aoi? e iiaai?, ?a?ac ui a iaaaoeaiiio na?oe? aeaeyaaee e ni?ci? c ieie “aaeaaiaee”. A a?euoiaeee eeoa caaaaeeny aeaieie e iniaeeaeie, ai ia a??eee a Aiaa, aenooiaee i?ioe iii?a oa oa?eae oiui. C ai?iieo ?an?a ia iaoeo caieyo naeyie iaea?euoa e?aeee o? ia??iae, eiee iai?, aoaaei, aoa?oou, a a?oa? ua ia i?eeaoou, ai a oae ia??ia ii?ia aoei aiaae iaaiceoe c e?no aa?aaa ia oaoo ?e oi? ia iia?oeo...
O ?aiiuiio aeoeinoa? ai?ine? aoee aey iaia iae?a aiaaie. Aea c ieeiii ?ano, i?eaeaeaoenu ai ?oiui? ?aa?aiino?, iaoooi?, y ciya ?c o??? aenioe ?o naieo, a i?ci?oa acya i?a noii?a ? an? ?oi? iia?aiiy-ianoaaeyiiy...”
C eenoa aiiuee Aaieea Ooioea A??e Eaea? ai ?aaaeo?? “Iacai?eii? iao??”: “Oaoi ia?iaeany 28 a?oaiy 1914 ?. a n. Ai?aiueia E?aiieunueiai ?aeiio. Iaa?aany a n?eunue?e oeie? iieunuei? iiai? ? a?a oia? a?a?oa, ui a?oe c oe?a?inueeo ?iaei a?a?oaa?ou naaa a?oaini?oieie... Ca Iieuu? aoa eiiniiieunueei aaoa?eii (o i?ai?ee?), ca ui io?eiaa a?a iieunueiai o?yao 8 ?ie?a a’ycieo?. Ca?euieany 1939 ?ieo. O a’ycieo? cae?i?ea na?aai? ina?oo. Iio?i – Eooueee ?inoeooo. O?eoae?aaa o n?eunue?e oeie? (aaia?ao?y), i?ao?aaa e?aaeoiei ?iniaeoi?ii ?aeiiiiai aaieo a E?aiie?.  1939 ?ieo cono???aa ?a?aiio a?i?? c ?aa?no?, aea eiee ii?aa i?eaeaeyoeny ai oeo eiioi?no?a, oi ii?aa oeoaiuei aey naaa noaaeoe aaaaoi caieoaiu... I?ecia ai ?a?aiii? a?i?? 1941 ?ieo e ?eooy oe??ieaiu ia ei?aii? c Iieuua?. Ii?aoie a?eie, i?iaoueee iieii ? oaa?? nia?o? a Oi?ie?... Aoa?a... Oiaa naeaie, aa e?ae aeia?ee c aieiao a 1932 – 1933 ?ieao...
Iio?aieaoe ai OIA, noaa iie?oaeoiaieeii iieia?, ui eoea ai iianoaio?a. 1945 ??e – oeyo ia no?a, i?iaia?aiiy ai?iouae, ciiao a’ycieoy ? ea?a nia?o?, ui aoea cai?iaia ia 20 ?ie?a eaoi?ae. 1956 ?ieo oaoa ca?euiy?ou, aea aaiia ia?ane?ao? i?noaaa aeaaa, ? ie ciooai? ia?anaeeoeny ai Ai?i?iiao?ianuei? iaeano?, a n. Neia’yinuea, aa aoao?ii nia? oaoo... Ca eenooaaiiy c iia?aoeiaie – ciiao 10 ?ie?a oa’yciaiiy (“aioe?aayinuea i?iiaaaiaa”),... Ii ca?euiaii? 1967 ?ieo oaoi ?ea o Aiaoneaa?, ?anoi aoaaa o Ee?a?, cono???aany c ?aaiii Na?oee?iei, ?aaaiii Naa?no?eii, ?aaiii Ac?ai?, Aaneeai Noonii, A’y?aneaaii ?i?iiaieii, Aeei? Ai?nuei?... Iieeaaaa ia ieo aaeee? iaa??... 1970 ?ieo ia?anaeeany ai Ee?aa, a 1972 ?. – ciiao i?a ne?anoaii ? 10 ?ie?a oa’yciaiiy ie?n 5 ?ie?a caneaiiy ca ?oeiien ? iaoeiiien niiaaa?a.
O oaai?? Eo?eii (Ii?aia?y) a?aaoaaa iiea?aiiy ?acii c? Nayoineaaii Ea?aaainueei, Aieiaeie?ii ?iiai?eii ? Ieeiei? ?oaaieii, a a ia?inueeo o??iao ?c Eaaeii Eoe’yiaieii ? Noaiaiii Oia?i?... Oaia? o Eo?eii iocae, oai ? noaia i?i oaoa...
Caneaiiy a?aaoaaa oaoi o Eacaonoai?, o Ea?aoiaa, aai, ye eacaa a?i, – Ea?a oia?...
1987 ?ieo iio?aiea ai Eaiaae. A?i iaa oai ?iae??a, ye?, a?ciaaoenu ?a?ac ?a?aiiee O?ano i?i eiai oy?eo aie?, ii?aee eeiiioaoeny ia?aa eaiaanueei o?yaii, uia aiiii?a oaoia? i?e?oaoe ai Eaiaae. Aoea aiiiaeai?nou i?? i?i?no?aie caei?aiiieo ni?aa NNN? ? Eaiaae – Oaaa?aiaaca ? Eea?eii.
O Iinea? a?oc? Naoa?iaa eacaee, ui i?eiai oae ?c iineae??a-iie?oa’yci?a ia i?iaia?aee, ye oaoa... I 7-e ?aieo a?ey ia?aaiiai, aa ie ?eee, a?a noiyee aa? aeieiiaoe?i? iaoeie c eaiaanueeie i?aii?oyie  ? a iai?e ?c ieo – nai iinie Eaiaae Aa?iii. Iio?i aoee cono???? c oe?a?inueeie a?iiaaaie ? ii?caee ii Eaiaa? e NOA. O Aaoeiaoii? ia Aaiu Aaeea?ao?? i?aa e?aeie cono??any a Iaaeuiiio eaa?iao? c i?aceaaioii ?iiaeuaii ?aeaaiii ye iaei ?c 12 ?ai?aniaaieo ?c ??cieo e?a?i na?oo, a ia?aeeaaa?ei? aoea Eaoa?eia ?oia?aiei – oaia??oiy a?o?eia A?eoi?a ?uaiea...
Aoee aenooie a Ia?e??, eoae eiai cai?ineea I??ia?iaia aii?no?y.
?eao?e a Eaiaa?, a?i ia i?enoaa ai ?iaii? ia?o??, ea?o?e, ui ia oi?a aooe caea?iei, a oi?a ni?eeoaaoeny c e?auie ??cieo ia?o?e, ?ae?a?e, iao?iiaeuiinoae, ye? aeecue? eiio ca aooii.
Ia?oa eie?ea niiiei?a “Ca no?aiei ia???i” aeaaia 1974 ?ieo a Ia?e?? oe?a?inueei aeaaaieooaii “Niieineei” ?i. Aaneey Neiiiaiea. A?oaa aeaaiiy (aiiiaiaia) niiaaa?a aeeoei 1983 ?ieo o Aao?ieo? o aeaaaieooa? “Oe?a?inue? a?no?”.
1984 ?ieo a Aaiiioii? aeeoee niiaaae aiae?enuei? iiai? “Life Sentence”.  ?aoaa?oa aeaaiiy – “Ia?a?eoa ? ia?aaoiaia” aeeoee o na?o 1998 ?ieo o Ee?a? – ia ii?ic? eiai 85-e?ooy (aeaaaieooai ?iai? Ieaie Oae?ae).
1999 ?ieo oaoi ii?oaaany a?a cian?i iiaaii ? iii?ioaa aiaeyaaoe eiai a?a ai e?ioy... Eiee i?e oa?i?i ia?aaoaaiiy a Eaiaa? cae?i?eany ? eiai ia aaaeiny iiiiaeoe, ioneea iiaa?oaoeny ai Oe?a?ie. Oaoi caoio?a iiaa?iooeny ?acii c? iii?. ? i?e?oaee ie ai ii?? inae?, a i?noi E?aniia?i?enue, ia aoeeo? Nio?ae?noe?io...
Ca oaia??oi? Oe?a?io oaoi aiai?ea, ui oi ia oa Oe?a?ia, yeo oio?a ae aa?eoe. Oio?a, uiae aoea ceaaiaa, a ia naa?ee ? a?eee, eacaa – e?aua ae aooe aa?iiiiii ?e ciioaoi?eii, ai ?ineeie ? oaa?eie a?euo ?ooeea? ai aia?a, i?? e?ae... A?i ?anoi aiai?ea, ui ia ii?ia iiaa?aoe oe?a?ioy o?euee ca oa, ui a?i oe?a?iaou, a o?aaa, uia a?i aoa ua e ii?yaii? e?aeii?. Oaoi a?a?eoia o a??i?nou 21 o?aaiy ouiai ?ieo...”
“A iioeeiio a?o? cia?ii eaaoa canoa?oaaoe a?? nai?? ?iino?, i?? o ?iaoue? ?ane...”, – ieoa a “Niiaaaao” Aaieei Ooioe.
Ieoa ao?a o?eaai.
Aac i?ee?an ? aeaaaie.
?eoaeii eiai “Niiaaae”.
? ian noaaaoeia a?euoa.

Ieaen?e ?AA?AIEI

 
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